Also called the Asian or Indian tapir. A monotypic genus within the tapir family, Tapiridae. The stripes and spots on the vulnerable babies help them blend into the dappled sunlight and leaf shadows of the forest and protects them from predators. This flexible extended nose is used for plucking leaves and shoots from trees as well as sniffing their way along forest trails. They have an excellent sense of smell and rely on scents for communication.
The frontal sinuses of the Asian Kiba fanfictions are notably larger than those of the New World tapirs, as illustrated by the CT slices shown at the left. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tapiridae. For other uses, see Tapir disambiguation. Additionally, hunting, a relatively minor threat in the past, is becoming a bigger concern. Indian rhinoceros R. Yet even in some of the protected areas, logging and road building have Asian tapirs or fragmented forests, isolating already Asian tapirs tapir populations.
Adult conference ministry single. Trapping tapirs
Retrieved Weaning occurs between six and eight months of age, at which time the babies are nearly full-grown, and the animals gapirs sexual maturity around age three. Malayan Tapir Asian tarpir. Western Gorilla. Keep up to date with the Wildscreen newsletter. The cornea is necessary for the transmitting and Asian tapirs of outside rapirs as it enters the eye, Asian tapirs cloudiness can cause vision loss. They Blow brunette job teen primary and secondary degraded forests with constant source of water. Cambridge University Press. Captive individuals, on the other Asian tapirs, may be either solitary or gregarious. Ina group of researchers claimed to have identified a fifth species of tapir, the kabomani tapir. Lifestyle : Whether the Asian tapirs is solitary or sociable. Retrieved 17 December
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- Tapirus bairdii Tapirus kabomani disputed Tapirus indicus Tapirus pinchaque Tapirus terrestris.
- There are four known species of tapir today, all of which are classified as endangered.
The Malayan tapir Tapirus indicus , also called the Asian tapir , Asiatic tapir , Oriental tapir , Indian tapir , or piebald tapir , is the largest of the five species of tapir and the only one native to Asia. In the Malay language , the tapir is commonly referred to as cipan , tenuk or badak tampung.
The rest of its hair is black, except for the tips of its ears, which, as with other tapirs, are rimmed with white. Malayan tapirs grow to between 1.
Like the other types of tapir, they have small, stubby tails and long, flexible proboscises. They have four toes on each front foot and three toes on each back foot.
The Malayan tapir has rather poor eyesight, but excellent hearing and sense of smell. They have a large sagittal crest, a bone running along the middle of the skull that is necessary for muscle attachment.
They also have unusually positioned orbits, an unusually shaped cranium with the frontal bones elevated, and a retracted nasal incision. All of these modifications to the normal mammal skull are, of course, to make room for the proboscis.
This proboscis caused a retraction of bones and cartilage in the face during the evolution of the tapir, and even caused the loss of some cartilages, facial muscles, and the bony wall of the nasal chamber. Malayan tapirs have very poor eyesight, making them rely greatly on their excellent sense of smell and hearing to go about in their everyday lives. They have small, beady eyes with brown irises on either side of their faces.
Their eyes are often covered in a blue haze, which is corneal cloudiness thought to be caused by repetitive exposure to light. Corneal cloudiness is a condition in which the cornea starts to lose its transparency.
The cornea is necessary for the transmitting and focusing of outside light as it enters the eye, and cloudiness can cause vision loss. This causes the Malayan tapir to have very inadequate vision, both on land and in water, where they spend the majority of their time. A small number of melanistic all-black Malayan tapirs have been observed. In , an all-black tapir was sent to Rotterdam Zoo and was classified as a subspecies called Tapirus indicus brevetianus after its discoverer, Captain K.
The gestation period of the Malayan tapir is about — days, after which a single offspring, weighing around 15 pounds 6.
This baby coat fades into adult coloration between four and seven months after birth. Weaning occurs between six and eight months of age, at which time the babies are nearly full-grown, and the animals reach sexual maturity around age three. Breeding typically occurs in April, May or June, and females generally produce one calf every two years. Malayan tapirs can live up to 30 years, both in the wild and in captivity. Malayan tapirs are primarily solitary creatures, marking out large tracts of land as their territory , though these areas usually overlap with those of other individuals.
Tapirs mark out their territories by spraying urine on plants, and they often follow distinct paths, which they have bulldozed through the undergrowth. Malayan tapirs communicate with high-pitched squeaks and whistles. They usually prefer to live near water and often bathe and swim, and they are also able to climb steep slopes. Tapirs are mainly active at night, though they are not exclusively nocturnal. They tend to eat soon after sunset or before sunrise, and they will often nap in the middle of the night.
This behavior characterizes them as crepuscular animals. However, its numbers have decreased in recent years, and today, like all tapirs, it is in danger of extinction. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Desmarest , . Version International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 10 April Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle. Paris: Deterville. In Wilson, D. M eds. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Retrieved Karl P. Retrieved June 16, Extant Perissodactyla Odd-toed ungulates species by suborder. Subgenus Equus : Wild horse E.
Rhinoceros Indian rhinoceros R. Tapirus Baird's tapir T.
All of these modifications to the normal mammal skull are, of course, to make room for the proboscis. Phylum : A group of animals within the animal kingdom. Scientific Name : The name of the animal in science. Young tapirs are able to reproduce at about 3 years old. Retrieved On the other hand, hydroelectric projects often cause flooding within the natural range of this species. White Rhinoceros.
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Typical types of food are leaves, buds, growing twigs, tree bark, herbs, low growing succulents, shrubs, fruits, club moss, grass, tubers as well as aquatic vegetation. Malayan tapirs exhibit a monogamus mating system, where each individual has only one mate during the reproductive season, which occurs in May-June. Females yield a single calf rarely twins every 2 years, after - days of gestation. Malayan tapirs grow very quickly! Thus, if the newborn baby is healthy, it will be able to stand during the first 1 - 2 hours of its life.
The mother begins to suckle its young within 2 - 5 hours at birth. At about 2 weeks old, the calf starts taking solid food. By 3 weeks old, the young tapir is ready to swim.
Weaning occurs at 6 - 8 months old, although calves continue living near their mothers until 1 year old. Young tapirs are able to reproduce at about 3 years old. Asian tapirs currently suffer from large-scale habitat loss, as a result of various human activities, including agricultural development, cattle grazing and logging.
On the other hand, hydroelectric projects often cause flooding within the natural range of this species. Malayan tapirs attract hunters for their meat as well as sport. The thick and rough skin of these mammals serves as material for bridles and whips.
Further, Malayan tapirs are sometimes captured in steel wire snares, intended to catch wild pigs. And finally, all the above-mentioned factors are compounded by a very low birth rate and heavily fragmented range. As a result, isolated populations are unable to recover losses and are exposed to hunting. Overall, Malayan tapirs are currently classified as Endangered EN and their numbers continue to decrease. Due to their frugivorous diet, Malayan tapirs act as important seed dispersers of numerous fruit-bearing plants they consume.
Additionally, they disperse certain plant communities. Malayan Tapir Asian tarpir. Tapirus indicus. Population size. Life Span. Photos with Malayan Tapir. Distribution The natural range of this species is now heavily fragmented, occupying parts of south-eastern Asia, from southern Myanmar to south-western Thailand, Malaysia as well as from the Malay Peninsula to Sumatra. Geography Continents. Southeast Asia. Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand.
Biome Tropical moist forests. Climate zones Tropical. Habits and Lifestyle Malayan tapirs are commonly considered nocturnal creatures, resting by day and being active by night. Group name. Terrestrial, Precocial, Browsing, Sedentary. Diet and Nutrition These mammals maintain frugivorous fruit-based , folivorous leaf-based and lignivorous wood-based diets. Diet Folivore, Frugivore.
Population Trend. Endangered EN. Population Population threats Asian tapirs currently suffer from large-scale habitat loss, as a result of various human activities, including agricultural development, cattle grazing and logging. Ecological niche Due to their frugivorous diet, Malayan tapirs act as important seed dispersers of numerous fruit-bearing plants they consume. The Baird's Tapir can be identified by the fact that this species of tapir has a cream coloured marking on it's face.
The Malayan Tapir also known as the Asian Tapir is the largest of the tapir species and has a distinctive white band across it's body. The Malayan Tapir once roamed the tropical forests across South East Asia but the Malayan Tapir today has a much smaller range primarily due to habitat loss.
The Mountain Tapir is found in the high forests in the Andes mountains across Colombia , Ecuador and parts north of Peru. The Brazilian Tapir also known as the South American Tapir is known to be a fantastic swimmer and the Brazilian Tapir is generally found close to water in the Amazon Rainforest.
The tapir is a herbivore and spends it's time browsing for food to eat. The tapir eats leaves, twigs, branches, buds, shoots, berries, fruits and aquatic plants. Due to it's large size , the tapir has few natural predators in it's environment but it is known to be prey upon by wild cats such as tigers , jaguars and cougars along with large reptiles like crocodiles and even the odd snake.
Tapirs have a long, flexible nose similar to the trunk of an elephant but no way near as big. The tapir uses it's prehensile snout to grab leaves and branches from bushes and low trees.
Despite, their stocky build, tapirs are known to be fantastic swimmers and tapirs therefore spend a great deal of their time close to water which the tapirs use to cool down. Tapirs are even known to dive into the shallows in order to feed on the lush aquatic plants. Tapirs tend to mate in the cooler months of April and May. When the baby tapir is first born, it weighs around 10 kg and the baby tapirs also have a stripy coat particularly in comparison to the adult tapirs.
Female tapirs are thought to breed every other year, and the baby tapirs tend to leave their mother when they are between 2 and 3 years old. Today, all four species of tapir are considered to be endangered. This is mainly due to do deforestation and habitat loss, and over hunting of tapirs by humans. Humans have hunted tapirs for both their meat and their leathery skin. Tapirs are solitary animals with the exception of the mating season and the mother tapir nursing the baby tapir. Due to the fact that tapirs are very shy animals there has been little interaction between humans and wild tapirs besides hunters.
However, tapirs are known to defend themselves using their powerful jaws and although rare, tapir attacks on humans are known to occur. View all animals that start with T. Are you Safe? If something has upset you, the Are you Safe? Tapir Location. Share This Article.
Warthog Has two sets of tusks on it's face! Wild Boar Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one! Tapir Comments sparkle edwards "that awsome tapirs are my favourite animals".
Species of the Week: Asian tapir (Tapirus indicus) | EDGE of Existence
All rights reserved. Tapirs look something like pigs with trunks, but they are actually related to horses and rhinoceroses. This eclectic lineage is an ancient one—and so is the tapir itself. Scientists believe that these animals have changed little over tens of millions of years. Tapirs have a short prehensile gripping trunk, which is really an extended nose and upper lip. They use this trunk to grab branches and clean them of leaves or to help pluck tasty fruit.
Tapirs feed each morning and evening. During these hours they follow tunnel-like paths, worn through the heavy brush by many a tapir footstep, to reach water holes and lush feeding grounds. As they roam and defecate they deposit the seeds they have consumed and promote future plant growth. Though they appear densely built, tapirs are at home in the water and often submerge to cool off.
They are excellent swimmers and can even dive to feed on aquatic plants. They also wallow in mud, perhaps to remove pesky ticks from their thick hides. New World tapirs generally live in the forests and grasslands of Central and South America.
A notable exception is the mountain or woolly tapir, which lives high in the Andes Mountains. Woolly tapirs, named for their warm and protective coat, are the smallest of all tapirs.
The world's biggest tapir is found in the Old World—Southeast Asia. The black-and-white Malay tapir can grow to pounds. It inhabits the forests and swamps of Malaysia and Sumatra. About Tapirs Tapirs look something like pigs with trunks, but they are actually related to horses and rhinoceroses. All tapir species are at-risk largely due to hunting and habitat loss.