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LGBT history dates back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality of ancient civilizations , involving the history of lesbian , gay , bisexual and transgender LGBT peoples and cultures around the world. This observance involves highlighting the history of the people, LGBT rights and related civil rights movements.
Among historical figures, some were recorded as having relations with others of their own sex—exclusively or together with opposite-sex relations—while others were recorded as only having relations with the opposite sex.
Anthropologists Stephen Murray and Will Roscoe reported that women in Lesotho engaged in socially sanctioned "long term, erotic relationships," named motsoalle. Evans-Pritchard also recorded that male Azande warriors in the northern Congo routinely took on boy-wives between the ages of twelve and twenty, who helped with household tasks and participated in intercrural sex with their older husbands. The practice had died out by the early 20th century, after Europeans had gained control of African countries, but was recounted to Evans-Pritchard by the elders with whom he spoke.
Ostraca dating from the Ramesside Period have been found which depict hastily drawn images of homosexual as well as heterosexual sex. King Neferkare and General Sasenet , a Middle Kingdom story, has an intriguing plot revolving around a king's clandestine gay affair with one of his generals. It may reference the actual Pharaoh Pepi II , who was likely gay. The Siwa Oasis was of special interest to anthropologists and sociologists because of its historical acceptance of male homosexuality.
The practice probably arose because from ancient times unmarried men and adolescent boys were required to live and work together outside the town of Shali, secluded for several years from any access to available women. In , the German egyptologist George Steindorff reported that, "the feast of marrying a boy was celebrated with great pomp, and the money paid for a boy sometimes amounted to fifteen pound , while the money paid for a woman was a little over one pound.
Homosexuality was not merely rampant, it was raging Every dancer had his boyfriend Walter Cline noted that, "all normal Siwan men and boys practice sodomy Prominent men lend their sons to each other. All Siwans know the matings which have taken place among their sheiks and their sheiks' sons Never for a woman". Among Indigenous peoples of the Americas prior to European colonization, a number of nations had respected roles for homosexual, bisexual, and gender-nonconforming individuals; in many indigenous communities, these social and spiritual roles are still observed.
Anyone could practice it freely, just as anyone could visit a prostitute , provided it was done without violence and without compulsion , and preferably as far as taking the passive role was concerned, with specialists. That there was nothing religiously amiss with homosexual love between men is seen by the fact that they prayed for divine blessing on it. It seems clear that the Mesopotamians saw nothing wrong in homosexual acts between consenting adults". Homosexuality has been acknowledged in China since ancient times.
Homosexuality was mentioned in many famous works of Chinese literature. The instances of same-sex affection and sexual interactions described in the classical novel Dream of the Red Chamber seem as familiar to observers in the present as do equivalent stories of romances between heterosexual people during the same period.
Confucianism , being primarily a social and political philosophy, focused little on sexuality, whether homosexual or heterosexual. There are also descriptions of lesbians in some history books. It is believed homosexuality was popular in the Song , Ming and Qing dynasties. Throughout Hindu and Vedic texts there are many descriptions of saints, demigods, and even the Supreme Lord transcending gender norms and manifesting multiple combinations of sex and gender.
There are several instances in ancient Indian epic poetry of same sex depictions and unions by gods and goddesses. There are several stories of depicting love between same sexes especially among kings and queens.
Kamasutra , the ancient Indian treatise on love talks about feelings for same sexes. There are several depictions of same-sex sexual acts in temples like Khajuraho. Several Mughal noblemen and emperors and other Muslim rulers of South Asia are known to have had homosexual inclinations. In South Asia the Hijra are a caste of third-gender, or transgender group who live a feminine role.
Hijra may be born male or intersex , and some may have been born female. The ancient Law of Moses the Torah forbids men from lying with men i. In Japan, several Heian diaries which contain references to homosexual acts exist as well. Some of these also contain references to emperors involved in homosexual relationships and to "handsome boys retained for sexual purposes" by emperors. Japanese shunga are erotic pictures which include same-sex and opposite-sex love.
In pre-modern Islam there was a "widespread conviction that beardless youths possessed a temptation to adult men as a whole, and not merely to a small minority of deviants. Rankin in Celts and the Classical World notes that "Athenaeus echoes this comment a and so does Ammianus It seems to be the general opinion of antiquity.
Diodorus went further, stating that "the young men will offer themselves to strangers and are insulted if the offer is refused". Rankin argues that the ultimate source of these assertions is likely to be Poseidonius and speculates that these authors may be recording male "bonding rituals". The earliest documents concerning same-sex relationships come from ancient Greece. Men could also seek adolescent boys as partners as shown by some of the earliest documents concerning same-sex pederastic relationships, which come from ancient Greece.
Often they were favored over women. Same-sex relationships were a social institution variously constructed over time and from one city to another. The formal practice, an erotic yet often restrained relationship between a free adult male and a free adolescent was valued for its pedagogic benefits and as a means of population control, though occasionally was blamed for causing disorder.
Plato praised its benefits in his early writings [e. In the Symposium B-D , Plato equates acceptance of homosexuality with democracy and its suppression with despotism , and wrote that homosexuality "is shameful to barbarians because of their despotic governments, just as philosophy and athletics are, since it is apparently not in best interests of such rulers to have great ideas engendered in their subjects, or powerful friendships or physical unions, all of which love is particularly apt to produce".
Kenneth J. Dover , followed by Michel Foucault and Halperin , assumed that it was considered improper for the eromenos to feel desire, as that would not be masculine. Sappho , born on the island of Lesbos , was included by later Greeks in the canonical list of nine lyric poets. The adjectives deriving from her name and place of birth Sapphic and Lesbian came to be applied to female homosexuality beginning in the 19th century. The narrators of many of her poems speak of infatuations and love sometimes requited, sometimes not for various females, but descriptions of physical acts between women are few and subject to debate.
In Ancient Greece and Phrygia , and later in the Roman Republic , the Goddess Cybele was worshiped by a cult of people who castrated themselves, and thereafter took female dress and referred to themselves as female. In Ancient Rome the young male body remained a focus of male sexual attention, but relationships were between older free men and slaves or freed youths who took the receptive role in sex. The Hellenophile emperor Hadrian is renowned for his relationship with Antinous.
In Roman patriarchal society, it was socially acceptable for an adult male citizen to take the penetrative role in same-sex relations. Freeborn male minors were strictly protected from sexual predators see Lex Scantinia , and men who willingly played the "passive" role in homosexual relations were disparaged.
No law or moral censure was directed against homosexual behaviors as such, as long as the citizen took the dominant role with a partner of lower status such as a slave , prostitute , or someone considered infamis , of no social standing.
The Roman emperor Elagabalus is depicted as transgender by some modern writers. Elagabalus was said to be "delighted to be called the mistress, the wife, the queen of Hierocles.
During the Renaissance , wealthy cities in northern Italy — Florence and Venice in particular—were renowned for their widespread practice of same-sex love, engaged in by a considerable part of the male population and constructed along the classical pattern of Greece and Rome. In some societies of Melanesia , especially in Papua New Guinea , same-sex relationships were, until the middle of the last century, an integral part of the culture.
The Etoro and Marind-anim , for example, viewed heterosexuality as sinful [ clarification needed ] and celebrated homosexuality instead. In a few traditional Melanesian cultures a pre-pubertal boy would be paired with an older adolescent who would become his mentor and who would "inseminate" him orally, anally, or topically, depending on the tribe over a number of years in order for the younger to also reach puberty.
Same-sex scholarly 'empires of the mind' [ clarification needed ] were common in medieval Middle Eastern cultures, as seen in their poetry on same-sex love. According to John Boswell , author of Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality ,  there were same-sex Christian monastic communities and other religious orders in which homosexuality thrived.
According to Chauncey et al. For instance, R. Southern points out that homosexuality had been condemned extensively by religious leaders and medieval scholars well before the 12th century; he also points to the penitentials which were common in early medieval society, and many of which include homosexuality as among the serious sins. Bennett and Froide, in "Singlewomen in the European Past", note: "Other single women found emotional comfort and sexual pleasure with women.
The history of same-sex relations between women in medieval and early modern Europe is exceedingly difficult to study, but there can be no doubt of its existence. Church leaders worried about lesbian sex; women expressed, practiced, and were sometimes imprisoned or even executed for same-sex love; and some women cross-dressed in order to live with other women as married couples. Some legislation against lesbian relations can be adduced for the period, mainly involving the use of "instruments," in other words, dildoes.
Persecutions against homosexuality rose during the High Middle Ages , reaching their height during the Medieval Inquisitions , when the sects of Cathars and Waldensians were accused of fornication and sodomy, alongside accusations of satanism. In , accusations of sodomy and homosexuality were major charges leveled during the Trial of the Knights Templar.
Muslim—often Sufi —poets in medieval Arab lands and in Persia wrote odes to the beautiful wine boys who served them in the taverns. Homoerotic themes were present in poetry and other literature written by some Muslims from the medieval period onwards and which celebrated love between men. Persian poets, such as Sa'di d. The Renaissance saw intense oppression of homosexual relationships by the Roman Catholic Church.
Women caught in same-sex acts would be mutilated and executed as well. Men were fined or jailed; boys were flogged. The harshest punishments, such as burning at the stake , were usually reserved for crimes committed against the very young, or by violence.
The Spanish Inquisition begins in , sodomites were stoned, castrated, and burned. Florence had a widespread homosexual culture, which included age-structured relationships. This number also included heterosexual sodomy. This also gave rise to a number of proverbs illuminating the views of the common people towards the practice; among them: "If you crave joys, tumble some boys. The reputation of Florence is also reflected in the fact that the Germans adopted the word Florenzer to refer to a "sodomite".
The Church could not repress all expressions of homoerotic desire. However, given the tongue-in-cheek nature of the writing, it seems unclear whether it is meant to be satire or genuine under the pretense of a joke.
The developing field of psychology was the first way homosexuality could be directly addressed aside from Biblical condemnation. Ambroise Tardieu in France believed he could identify "pederasts" affirming that the sex organs are altered by homosexuality in his publishing. Degeneracy became a widely acknowledged theory for homosexuality during the s and 80s. An important shift in the terminology of homosexuality was brought about by the development of psychology's inquisition into homosexuality.
Homosexuality had a name aside from the ambiguous term "sodomy" and the elusive "abomination.
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In the landmark decision Loving v. Virginia, U. Supreme Court, ruled that all states must recognize inter-racial marriage. In spite of the changes for African-Americans, American Indians, and inter-racial marriages, same sex couple marriages remain in February , unrecognized in all states except Massachusetts. Recently, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that same sex couples have the right to a recognized state marriage Goodridge v.
Department of Public Health. The obstacles to same sex marriage are far reaching and often have a negative impact on the individual, the couple, and their families. Access to numerous federal and state benefits, rights and privileges such as social security, taxes, inheritance, medical decisions, and many others remain unavailable to same sex couples.
This federal legislation is significant because it defines marriage. The introduction of DOMA initiated both disagreement and endorsement in how states and the federal government view same sex marriages. DOMA does not recognize any domestic union other than marriage between a man and a woman. In an effort to achieve a level of equality, some states have granted limited recognition of same sex domestic unions.
Several states and municipalities recognize the following categories for same sex couples:. Massachusetts is the only state to recognize marriages for same sex couples, while Vermont recognizes civil unions and Hawaii has a reciprocal beneficiary. Recognition of domestic partnerships is increasing.
In , the state of Vermont legally recognized same sex partners by granting civil unions. Vermont residents who enter a civil union are eligible for many state benefits available to married couples. Undeniably, same sex couples in committed relationships, are not afforded basic benefits, rights and protections granted heterosexual couples under state and federal laws. Even though, same sex couples live in relationships that are based on basic principles of strong and loving commitment to another, responsibility, and a right to enter into a marriage with their partner of choice, they continue to be denied the human rights, legal and economic stability provided by the recognized institution of marriage.
Because of the differences and attitudes towards same sex marriages, social workers will be challenged in their advocacy and practice around this issue. However, embedded in social work values and practice is a Code of Ethics which will provide ethical and practical guidance.
The controversy continues on same sex marriages. Social workers have opportunities to advocate for lesbian, gay, and bisexual, issues in their professional and community settings. Therefore, social workers with their knowledge, skills, and ethical professional values can counter misinformation about same sex couples and their families through education, advocacy, and communication. Overview of Same Sex Marriage in the U. Equality and Civil Rights for Same Sex Couples Discriminatory practices regarding the institution of marriage have been practiced over the course of history.
The eugenics movement took off in the United States and justified the institutionalization, sterilization, prohibition of marriage, and prevention of immigration of people with disabilities. African American marriages were not recognized in all states until after the Civil War. In , the U. Supreme Court in Buck vs.
Bell U. Laws in at least four states North Carolina, Nevada, Arizona, and Oregon prohibited sexual relations between American Indians and whites. Implications The obstacles to same sex marriage are far reaching and often have a negative impact on the individual, the couple, and their families. On March 21, Sunlight Foundation released two reports revealing how lesbian and bisexual health content has been removed from WomensHealth.
Among content removed was a webpage dedicated to answering questions specific to sexual minority women's health and a health fact sheet which listed GLMA and NCLR where additional information is available. The letter urged the administration to consider how these policies would adversely impact LGBTQ individuals and to develop strategies to improve the health and wellness of this population.
Click here to read the full letter. The letter also calls for action to find "bipartisan solutions to reduce injuries and fatalities associated with firearms. Click here to read the full statement and learn how you can aid GLMA's advocacy efforts!
On December 16, Washington Post broke a story revealing officials at the CDC were given a list of prohibited words by the current administration, including "transgender. GLMA is also proud to have joined an amicus brief in support of this case, along with other leading health professional associations. Read the full brief here. On October 26, GLMA issued a statement applauding health professional associations who have recognized the health needs and concerns of intersex individuals, and calling on all other associations to take similar steps to address the health of intersex children and adults.
To read the full statement, click here. GLMA is excited to have such a broad range of diverse and interesting topics and speakers for this year's Annual Conference. GLMA condemns this change in policy, and strongly advises the administration to review the evidence thoroughly before taking further action on this discriminatory reversal in policy. Read the full statement here.
Pulse Shooting Day of Remembrance. To see a list of the organizations that joined the brief and access the brief itself, click here. Call your Senator now! Confirmation hearings for Rep.
Price should not be confirmed. Find out how you can take action here. Read the statement here. Statement on Elections. In it, the GLMA leaders said: "GLMA is committed to doing all that we can to preserve the progress we've made and continue our policy, advocacy, and education work to improve the health and well-being of LGBT people regardless of who sits in the White House.
GLMA also extends its deep appreciation to the many advocates and our colleagues at NIH and HHS who have worked so hard over so many years to make this accomplishment a reality. You can read the NIH statement here.
On May 13, , the Department of Health and Human Services issued final regulations establishing that Section of the Affordable Care Act provides nondiscrimination protections in healthcare access and coverage for the entire LGBT community.
To read GLMA's response, click here. The District of Columbia is set to become the first jurisdiction in the nation to require continuing education for healthcare providers in LGBT cultural and clinical competency.
Read GLMA's statement here. The FDA released final guidance establishing a one-year deferral period on blood donation for men who have sex with men MSM , including gay and bisexual men. Take Action Now to Support Nondiscrimination in Healthcare Please ACT NOW to tell HHS you support efforts to establish clear and comprehensive regulations ensuring lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people do not face discrimination in accessing healthcare and coverage.
GLMA issued a statement applauding the move. The brief argues that, consistent with the WPATH Standards of Care, treatment for gender dysphoria, including gender-affirming surgery, is medically necessary care and that prisons must provide medically necessary care to transgender inmates.
We are extremely grateful for the response of our colleagues at sister organizations and the support they have shown to ensure these laws are not used to deny care to LGBT individuals and their families. Click here to read the letter. Click here to read the press release. About GLMA.
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LGBT culture is a culture shared by lesbian , gay , bisexual , transgender , questioning , and queer individuals. It is sometimes referred to as queer culture indicating people who are queer , while the term gay culture may be used to mean "LGBT culture" or to refer specifically to homosexual culture. LGBT culture varies widely by geography and the identity of the participants. Elements common to cultures of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and intersex people include:.
Not all LGBT people identify with LGBT culture; this may be due to geographic distance, unawareness of the subculture's existence, fear of social stigma or a preference for remaining unidentified with sexuality- or gender-based subcultures or communities. The Queercore and Gay Shame movements critique what they see as the commercialization and self-imposed "ghettoization" of LGBT culture. In some cities, especially in North America , some LGBT people live in neighborhoods with a high proportion of gay residents, otherwise known as gay villages or gayborhoods , examples of this neighborhoods are Castro and West Hollywood in California , United States or Gay Village in Montreal , Canada.
According to Herdt, " homosexuality " was the main term used until the late s and early s; after that, a new "gay" culture emerged. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, gay culture was covert, relying on secret symbols and codes woven into an overall straight context. Gay influence in early America was primarily limited to high culture.
The association of gay men with opera , ballet , couture , fine cuisine , musical theater , the Golden Age of Hollywood and interior design began with wealthy homosexual men using the straight themes of these media to send their own signals.
After the Stonewall riots in New York City , gay male culture was publicly acknowledged for the first time. In this first volume of a trilogy, White writes as a young homophilic narrator growing up with a corrupt and remote father. The young man learns bad habits from his straight father, applying them to his gay existence. There are a number of subcultures within gay male culture, such as bears and chubbies.
There are also subcultures with an historically large gay-male population, such as leather and SM. Gay critic Michael Musto opined, "I am a harsh critic of the gay community because I feel that when I first came out I thought I would be entering a world of nonconformity and individuality and, au contraire , it turned out to be a world of clones in a certain way.
I also hated the whole body fascism thing that took over the gays for a long time. Some U. Research by Colleen Hoffon of gay male couples from the San Francisco Bay Area funded by the National Institute of Mental Health found that 45 percent were in monogamous relationships.
Gay actor Neil Patrick Harris has remarked, "I'm a big proponent of monogamous relationships regardless of sexuality, and I'm proud of how the nation is steering toward that.
During the s and s, Sean Martin drew a comic strip Doc and Raider which featured a gay couple living in or near Toronto 's Gay Village. His characters have recently been updated and moved to the Web. Although primarily humorous, the comic sometimes addressed issues such as gay-bashing , HIV , and spousal abuse. An Australian study conducted by Roffee and Waling in discovered how some gay men felt like they were expected to be hyper-sexual. Participants reported how other gay men would automatically assume that any interaction had sexual motivations.
They felt that they could not obtain purely platonic friendships with other gay men. One participant reported feeling alienated and disregarded as a person if they were not deemed by other gay men as sexually attractive.
This presumption and attitude of hypersexuality is damaging, for it enforces preconceived ideals upon people, who are then ostracised if they do not meet these ideals. A number of online social websites for gay men have been established. Some forbid all explicit sexual content; others do not. Recent research suggests that gay men primarily make sense of familial and religious challenges by developing online peer supports i. Participants' reported online sociorelational benefits largely contradict recent research indicating that online use may lead to negative mental health outcomes.
Lesbian culture since the late 20th century has been entwined with the evolution of feminism. Lesbian separatism is an example of a lesbian theory and practice identifying specifically lesbian interests and ideas and promoting a specific lesbian culture. Older stereotypes of lesbian women stressed a dichotomy between "butch" women, or dykes who present masculine and "femmes", or lipstick lesbians who present feminine , and considered a stereotypical lesbian couple a butch-femme pair.
While some lesbian women are still either "butch" or "femme," these categories are less definite and common as lesbianism becomes normalized. Bisexual culture emphasizes opposition to, or disregard of, fixed sexual and gender identity monosexism discrimination against bisexual, fluid, pansexual and queer-identified people , bisexual erasure and biphobia hatred or mistrust of non-monosexual people.
Biphobia is common although lessening in the gay, lesbian and straight communities. The deep pink or rose stripe at the top of the flag represents same-gender attraction ; the royal blue stripe at the bottom of the flag represents different-gender attraction. The stripes overlap in the central fifth of the flag to form a deep shade of lavender or purple , representing attraction anywhere along the gender spectrum.
For example, in many cultures people who are attracted to people of the same sex—that is, those who in contemporary Western culture would identify as gay, lesbian or bisexual—are classed as a third gender with people who would in the West be classified as transgender. In the contemporary West there are different groups of transgender and transsexual people, such as groups for transsexual people who want sex reassignment surgery , male, heterosexual-only cross-dressers and Trans men's groups.
Groups encompassing all transgender people, both trans men, trans women , and non-binary people, have appeared in recent years. Some transgender or transsexual women and men, however, do not identify as part of a specific "trans" culture.
A distinction may be made between transgender and transsexual people who make their past known to others and those who wish to live according to their gender identity and not reveal their past believing that they should be able to live normally in their true gender role, and control to whom they reveal their past.
This may be a result of a newly wider acceptance of transgender people from the communities, allowing for those who identify as transgender to have a greater voice. In their research they found that an estimated 0. The pink on the transgender pride flag represents female while the baby blue on the flag represents male.
The white stripe in between the baby blue and pink represents other genders besides male or female. In the report "Views from both sides of the bridge? When it came to a relationships within a transgender person, it depended on if they wanted a heteronormative or mainstream culture relationship.
Although, there are also transgender people that are set on a path to challenge Western traditional beliefs in gender roles and sexual differences within relationships. Many annual events are observed by the transgender community. TDOR serves a number of purposes:. Another of these events is the Trans March , a series of annual marches, protests or gatherings that take place around the world, often during the time of the local pride week.
These events are frequently organized by transgender communities to build community, address human rights struggles, and create visibility. Gay and lesbian youth have increased risks for suicide, substance abuse, school problems and isolation because of a "hostile and condemning environment, verbal and physical abuse, rejection and isolation from family and peers", according to a U.
Task Force on Youth Suicide report. Suggested reasons for this disparity are:. A study showed a correlation between the degree of parental rejection of LGB adolescents and negative health problems in the teenagers studied.
As of it is the largest queer and allied-youth event in Vermont, organized by Outright Vermont to "break the geographic and social barriers gay youngsters living in rural communities face. Out of the 1. Many of the transgender youth that are placed in homeless shelters do not get the type of help they need and often experience discrimination and systemic barriers that include sex-segregated programs in institutional practices that refuse to understand their gender.
Many transgender youths have problems acquiring shelters because of certain policies like binary gender rules, dress codes, and room assignments Thaler et al. Problems with classification happen when the procedures or policies of a shelter require the youth to be segregated based on their assigned sex rather than what they classify themselves as.
As a result, many of the LGBT youth end up on the street instead of shelters which are meant to protect them. LGBT youth also have a higher suicide rate in the U.
Those who identify with the LGBT community are four times as likely to attempt suicide than those who do not. They were asked about their sexual orientation and then about suicide. Bigender people are those who switch between two gender identities or combine two gender identities. There are different types of bigenderism which include historical, transitional, concurrent, and sequential:.
Race, gender, and class can shape the representation and politics of the queer movement and queer identities. Some, like Michael Musto , view the culture as conforming to caricatures or stereotypes that alienate "fringe" members of the community.
For bisexuals, this pressure is known as bisexual erasure. Although some groups or individuals may disapprove of LGBT rights based on religion or social conservatism, the themes of criticism mentioned below may not necessarily imply disapproval of LGBT people or homosexuality by itself. In Spain , especially since the emergence of the anti-austerity movement , various groups have held independent demonstrations demanding the removal of political and economic interests from discussions of sexual identity and gay rights.
Some gay male commentators who are in monogamous relationships argue that mainstream gay culture's disdain of monogamy and its promotion of promiscuity has harmed efforts to legalize same-sex marriage.
British journalist Mark Simpson's book, Anti-Gay , describes forms of intolerance by the mainstream gay community towards subgroups. The Times wrote that Simpson succeeded in "pointing out that oppression and prejudice do not become legitimate just because they happen to be practiced by the previously oppressed". From their findings collected from 14 focus group interviews within LGBT volunteers, they found that like in any other country, there is discrimination within LGBT sub-groups.
For example, through employment they found that LGBTs have limited job opportunities, and deal with discrimination in the workplace. In housing they have restricted options on to what they can buy or were demanded to change their residence, and if they could buy something, they were faced with discrimination in terms of pricing.
In medical treatment, the medical system was not quick to the needs of LGBTs, or they were either denied medical treatment or were ashamed to ask for medical treatment due to the discrimination they could face. The researcher in gender studies Jasbir K.
These positions are purportedly based on prejudices that migrant people are necessarily homophobic and that western society is entirely egalitarian. Gay Pride Parades show initiation of the LGBT community to embrace their culture and are considered one of the 'new social movements' that originated in the s Stammers, , p From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
See also: Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures. Sexual orientation. Homosexuality Bisexuality pansexuality polysexuality Asexuality gray asexuality Demographics Biology Environment. Social attitudes. Prejudice , violence. Academic fields and discourse. Queer studies Lesbian feminism Queer theory Transfeminism Lavender linguistics. See also: Same-sex relationship. See also: Lesbian , Labrys , and Black triangle badge. See also: Bisexual community and Bisexual politics.
Main article: Pink capitalism.